Monday, November 28, 2005

Retribution, morality, and the soul

One of my favorite left-of-center bloggers, Mark Kleiman, has an excellent post on one of my favorite topics: the value of retribution as an aspect of punishment, and the fact that "retribution not be dismissed as somehow "primitive" and unworthy of serious consideration." The occasion is the arrest of 90-year-old former dictator Augusto Pinochet on tax fraud charges. Writes Kleiman:

Note, however, that if putting Pinochet away is justified, it must be on some basis other than deterrence or incapacitation. Perhaps it's time to rethink the place of retribution as a legitimate goal of criminal justice policy. Making what remains of Pinochet's life as miserable as possible is something owed to his victims. It proclaims that what he did was wrong, that the victims did not deserve their victimization, and that they were important enough to be worth revenging.

Why should it be so hard to see that, and to apply it to more ordinary cases?


(Kleiman then corrects himself to note that he mant "miserable to the appropriate extent.")

Kleiman's co-blogger Steven Teles agrees.

One common argument against the death penalty is that it represents "state-sanctioned retribution." I think there are other good arguments against the death penalty -- most important, the danger of executing an innocent man. But retribution is present in other forms of punishment as well. As I wrote in a column earlier this year:

Former Nazi concentration camp guards and other war criminals leading ordinary lives in our midst arguably pose no threat; yet we still want them brought to justice. Conservative defenders of the death penalty, such as political scholar Walter Berns, have a point when they argue that one goal of punishment is to restore the moral balance violated by the crime.

One liberal dissenter from the standard antiretribution rhetoric is writer Susan Jacoby, whose thought-provoking 1983 book, "Wild Justice: The Evolution of Revenge," remains relevant today. Jacoby argues that while the death penalty is beneath a civilized society, retribution the desire to make offenders "pay" for their crimes, to express our moral outrage at their acts is an important purpose of the justice system. The death penalty is not the only way, and perhaps not even the best way, to achieve this goal.

Jacoby treats revenge and retribution as synonymous, but there is a subtle difference. Vengeance is primarily concerned with the avenger's grievance: It may target a wrongdoer's loved ones, or a person who has caused an accidental death but is faultless or at worst negligent.

Retribution, on the other hand, addresses moral culpability (one reason the execution of people with diminished mental capacity is generally seen as especially barbaric).

See also this 2001 Reason column on issues of revenge, retribution, and morality.

Of course, one issue that often comes up in discussions of retribution is to what extent the person is responsible for his or her actions, particularly in light of discoveries in neuroscience. In June, the American Enterprise Institute had a fascinating conference on this topic, which I wrote up in another Reason column. One of the speakers, Princeton philosopher and neuroscientist Joshua Greene, proposed focusing on deterrence only and giving up on the idea that punishment is not only effective but morally just:


"What we’re saying," he said, "is no one’s really guilty in their souls because, secret: No one has a soul."

Greene also wryly noted that Americans aren't ready for this idea yet. No kidding. In fact, both Greene and keynote speaker Stephen Pinker acknowledged that the idea of punishment as "just deserts" and a restoration of moral balance may be inherent in human nature -- which means that a legal system that does not satisfy this need may never command enough respect to be effective. Greene noted that in a host of studies, people evaluating hypothetical crimes assess punishment based on their notions of just deserts, not deterrence.

Greene was strongly challenged by Stephen Morse, a professor of law and psychology at the University of Pennsylvania.

Even while declaring himself a thoroughgoing materialist, Morse insisted that “responsibility is about persons, not brains” (precisely the kind of distinction Greene had earlier mocked as dualistic) and defended the old-fashioned approach to justice. “We give people what they deserve,” he said, “not because it produces good consequences, but because it’s right.” ... That there is no immaterial soul, he argued, doesn’t mean that “we are not the kind of creatures we think we are—conscious, rational, intentional beings”; science or no science, the physicalist model must be resisted for the sake of human dignity and “the good life we can live together.”

I'm with Morse (and with Kleiman). Far from being primitive, barbaric, or degrading, the belief in retribution is, in fact, inextricably linked to our belief in human dignity and agency.


89 comments:

reader_iam said...

Back in college, I had a history professor who was fond of saying about the justice system that its primary purpose was "to punish the guilty and both warn and reward the innocent," or something along those lines (don't remember the exact quote, but it was that pithy).

At the time, I thought he was hopelessly retro, simplistic, and insensitive to the "root causes of crime." A quarter of a century later, I've come to believe that he was onto something.

Amazing, how much smarter great teachers (like parents) seem as one gets older!

Revenant said...

The human desire for retribution and revenge is, itself, a powerful deterrent effect. Every one of us knows that if we get caught doing something other people don't like, those people are going to try to harm us in some way. We know that if we get caught, even if there's no apparent point in punishing us, we're going to get punished.

Revenge and retribution are important parts of the criminal justice system because they publically reaffirm what we've all evolved to know instinctively -- i.e., "you'll never get away with it". Our need for religion probably serves the same purpose, actually, since it tells us that even if other *humans* don't get revenge on us, there's someone out there who will.

vbspurs said...

I'm with Morse (and with Kleiman). Far from being primitive, barbaric, or degrading, the belief in retribution is, in fact, inextricably linked to our belief in human dignity and agency.

I arrive, in a roundabout type of way, to the same conclusion as you and Professor Morse (& Kleinman).

Perhaps quoting the old Stuart motto which later became Scotland's "Nemo me impune lacesit" (No one attacks me with impunity"), might sum up my feelings in the topic.

Cheers,
Victoria

anniesmom03 said...

Cathy,
Wow, great post. And thanks for the Kleinman link.

I tend to believe, you could say as a matter of faith, that the mind, brain and soul are the same thing, but since we lack the scientific language to talk about what that thing is, we use separate words to describe different aspects of the thing. This means that I disagree with Greene, and probably many other intellectuals, that we don't have a soul. The soul is one part of human consciousness (also an imprecise term) that we don't understand at the biological level. Sherwin Nuland (sorry, I'm new at this and haven't figured out how to write links) talks about the Biology of the Spirit in a way I find rather satisfying. While it is essentially a materialist viewpoint, Nuland acknowledges that the terms "soul" and "spirit" are legitimate concepts that probably describe a biological reality that is currently poorly understood.

On retribution, I wholeheartedly agree with the notion that retribution is distinct from revenge, and that retribution is worthy of consideration as a component of punishment. Unlike deterrence, retribution can serve as positive statement of what we as a society value. I think most people understand this at the gut level, even anti-capital punishment lefties like me. In fact, incorporation of retribution into criminal justice policy requires some assurances that punishment will be dealt fairly and appropriately. While in practice this may be very difficult to do-thorny issues such as addressing moral culpability won't be easily resolved-it should be the goal.

XWL said...

It seems that Steven Spielberg might disagree with you, if some of the press accounts of the plot of his new film, Munich, are accurate.

The press for this picture has been all over the place with some calling anti-Palestinian and others calling it anti-Israeli.

From the director's comments and the fact that Tony Kushner wrote the script the likelihood is that this picture looks down upon the Mossad's methodical elimination of the terrorists responsible for killing the Israeli athletes and will depict the process of the lead agent questioning the correctness of his actions.

(and of course this will earn this picture plenty of positive buzz, cause killing terrorist is a bad thing, in Hollywood.)

I view the acts by the Mossad as retributive and therefore justified, others might consider them vengeful and therefore immoral, if the film falls on the side of retribution then great, if it depicts the Israeli actions as spiteful, petty revenge then shame on Mr. Spielberg.

But at least it will forefront a discussion about the difference between the two whichever position Spielberg attempts to lead the audience into having.

DavidAWW said...

There's a chapter on retributive punishment in the late Robert Nozick's Philosophical Explanations:

http://www.hup.harvard.edu/contents/NOZPHI_toc.html

bearblue said...

retribution and mercy go hand in hand. There are times for retribution and times for mercy. The law does not always make allowances for mercy, except in a wise judge's case. But the law - if kept simple enough - does provide a basic framework for civil behavior (or at least should, if not under the the terrible hold of unworthy rule). And, to work, law must have consequences, natural or otherwise.

Revenant said...

The law does not always make allowances for mercy, except in a wise judge's case.

If the victim wants to show mercy, the legal system does take that into account -- the victim can testify during the sentencing phase of the trial, and the court will usually give serious weight to such testimony. In many cases, the victim can opt not to press charges at all.

If the victim does not feel merciful, however, it strikes me as arrogant and unethical -- not "wise" -- for the judge to be. It isn't his job to be merciful OR vengeful; it is his job to apply the law.

DavidAWW said...

There's also a short essay by George Orwell to consider:

http://orwell.ru/library/articles/revenge/english/e_revso

colagirl said...

one issue that often comes up in discussions of retribution is to what extent the person is responsible for his or her actions, particularly in light of discoveries in neuroscience.

A very interesting point. I've recently been doing some reading on forensic psychology, and one of the books I've read (Inside the Criminal Mind) deals with this issue to some extent. There, the author asserts that even if we were at some future point to discover that there is some biological / genetic basis for criminal behavior, that in no way absolves the criminal of responsibility for his or her actions. Instead, it is then incumbent on someone with those predispositions to be vigilant and avoid situations that might lead to criminal behavior.

The author draws an explicit parallel with alcoholism (which does have a biological component): the fact that someone is an alcoholic does not mean that they are absolved of responsibility for the effects of their drinking. Instead it is then incumbent on the alcoholic to recognize this weakness and to abstain from drinking so as not to trigger the weakness (*and,* notably, incumbent on those *around* the alcoholic to ensure that s/he faces the consequences of any slips, instead of covering up and making excuses for him or her.)

(This is kind of a personal issue for me, since substance abuse problems do seem to run in my family, as a result of which, I don't drink.)

huyuni said...

China Wholesale has been described as the world’s factory. This phenomenom is typified by the rise of buy products wholesalebusiness. Incredible range of products available with wholesale from china“Low Price and High Quality” not only reaches directly to their target clients worldwide but also ensures that China Wholesalers from China means margins you cannot find elsewhere and China Wholesale will skyroket your profits.

huyuni said...

nike shoes & Puma Shoes Online- tn nike,puma shoes,puma cat, baskets cheap nike shox, air max.cheap nike shox r4 torch, cheap nike air, nike running shoes air max, puma speed and more. Paypal payment.nike running shoes Enjoy your shopping experience on Nike & Puma Shoes Online Store.

huyuni said...

Thank you so much!!cheap polo shirts men'ssweate,Burberry Polo Shirts lacoste sweater, ralph lauren Columbia Jackets,ski clothing. Free Shipping, PayPal Payment. Enjoy your shopping experience on mensclothingus.com.You can find the father who desire fashionable, intellectual mens clothing simultaneouslyGod bless you!I really agree with your opinions.Also,there are some new fashion things here,gillette razor blades.gillette mach3 razor bladesfor men.As for ladies,gillette venus razor blades must the best gift for you in summer,gillette fusion blades are all the best choice for you.Fantastic!God bless you!Meanwhile,you can visit my ,we have the highest quality but the lowest price fashion products wholesale from China.Here are the most popular China Wholesale products for all of you.You can visit .Also the is a great choice for you.

huyuni said...

Lacoste Polo Shirts, , Burberry Polo Shirts.wholesale Lacoste polo shirts and cheap polo shirtswith great price. clothingol.com offers lot of 10ralph lauren polo lacoste polo shirts and lot of 20 Burberry Polo Shirts. clothingol.com offers classic fit polo shirts. polo clothingCheap Brand Jeans ShopMen Jeans - True Religion Jeans, burberry polo shirtsGUCCI Jeans, Levi's Jeans, D&G Jeans, RED MONKEY Jeans, Cheap JeansArmani Jeans, Diesel Jeans, Ed hardy Jeans, Evisu Jeans, Women JeansJack&Jones Jeans...

huyuni said...

Charlestoncheap columbia jackets. turned a pair of double plays to do the trick. spyder jacketsThe had at least one runner on in every inning but the first and outhit the RiverDogs by a 12-6 margin Lawal should be a focal point of the Yellow cheap polo shirts along with highly touted newcomer, 6-9 Derrick Favors, rated as the No. 1 power forward on the ESPNU 100. The Yellow JacketsThere are ed hardy shirts pretty ed hardy shirt for men,
ed hardy womens in the ed hardy online storedesigned by ed hardy ,many cheap ed hardy shirt ,glasses,caps,trouers ed hardy shirts on sale ,You can go to edhardyshirts.com to have a look ,you may find one of ed hardy clothing fit

theprophet said...

"Why...? Don't you need someone to pose as your girlfriend this year?" Then he answered, "No, there is no need for that anymore......"
Before he can continue, he was interrupted, discount nike shoes"Oh yes! Must have found a girlfriend! nike shox r4 You haven't been searching for one for the past years, right?" The man looked up, as if he has struck gold, his face beamed and looked directly at the drunken girl. tn dollarHe replied, "Yes......you are right! I haven't been looking for anyone for the past years."
With that, the man darted across the floor and out the door, cheap nike shoesleaving the lady in much bewilderment. He finally realized that he has already found his dream girl, and she was.....the Vancouver girl all along! The drunken lady has said something that awoken him.
All along he has found his girl.nike tennis shoes That was why he did not bother to look further when he realized she was not coming back. It was not any specific girl he was seeking! cheap nike shoxIt was perfection that he wanted, and yes.....perfection!!
Relationship is something both parties should work on. Realizing that he had let away someone so important in his life, he decided to call her immediately. His whole mind was flooded with fear.free shipping shoes He was afraid that she might have found someone new or no longer had the same feelings anymore..... For once, he felt the fear of losing someone.
As it was Christmas eve, the line was quite hard to get through, especially an overseas call. He tried again and again, never giving up. Finally, he got through......precisely at 1200 midnight. He confessed his love for her and the girl was moved to tears. nike shoes It seemed that she never got over him! Even after so long, she was still waiting for him, never giving up.
He was so excited to meet her and to begin his new chapter of their lives. He decided to fly to Vancouver to join her. It was the happiest time of their lives! nike discount shoes But their happy time was short-lived. Two days before he was supposed to fly to Vancouver,cheap puma shoes he received a call from her father. She had a head-on car collision with a drunken driver. nike shox shoes She passed away after 6 hours in a coma.
The guy was devastated, as it was a complete loss. Why did fate played such cruel games with him? He cursed the heaven for taking her away from him, denying even one last look at her! How cruel he cursed! How he damned the Gods...!!nike free shoes How he hated himself....for taking so long to realize his mistake!! That was in 1996.
The moral of this story is :
Treasure what you have...
Time is too slow for those who wait;
Too swift for those who fear;
Too long for those who grief;
Too short for those who rejoice;
But for those who love...
Time is Eternity.
For all you out there with someone special in your heart, cherish that person, cherish every moment that you spend together that special someone, for in life, anything can happen anytime. buy shoes onlineYou may painfully regret, only to realise that it is too late.

lixiang said...

Hi, I like your blog, it's, you know, wonderful. I learn a lot from it.
Recently, I am always wanting to buy high quality, low price prince tennis rackets, and I find many places, where sells perfect tennis racket. In order to play the game and search the place where can buy the head tennis racket, and finally, I find thistennis shop. You can buy what you want in this store online.
Would you want to be more attractive? If your answer is "Yes", you can wear best-seller columbia jacket, you really need a pair of white ralph lauren jacket. They can make you become the attactive person.
Would you like wearing cheap polo shirt? Do you want to be a fashion chaser? Follow me and you can chase the most popular white polo shirts. it can help you increase your attraction, you will be the focus wherever you go only if you wear polo clothes.
polo shirt women
polo shirts men's
cheap polo jacket
high quality columbia jacket
claasic north face jacket
perfect spyder jacket
ralph Lauren shirts
polo A&F shirts
polo shirt
north face jackets
polo short sleeves shirt
ralph lauren polo long sleeves shirts
prince accessories
cheap head tennis racquets
wilson tennis racquets
superior babolat tennis racquets
head tennis racquet
babolat racquet
wilson tennis racquets

lady said...

I like the side of the article, and very like your blog, to write well and hope to continue their efforts, we can see more of your articles. ed hardy clothes. After reading this article has strong feelings, the future will be Changlaikankan's.ed hardy swimwear. polo hoodies
ed hardy jeans
ed hardy
ed hardy clothing
ed hardy t-shirts
ed hardy clothes
ed-hardy.co.uk
ed hardy shirts
ed hardy mens
ed hardy clothes
ed hardy womens
ed hardy sunglasses
ed hardy swimwear
ed hardy Jeans
ed hardy hoodies
ed hardy bags
ed hardy trousers
ed hardy shoes
ed hardy sunglasses
ed hardy suits
ed
hardy
ed hardy dresses
ed hardy boots
ed hardy mens sweater
ed hardy womens cotton
ed hardy womens boots

Adi said...

Find Internet Marketing resource hare Online Marketing Strategy | Internet Marketing Tools | Online Marketing Campaign | Online Marketing Business | Online Marketing System | Online Business | Online Home Business | Online Business Tips | Internet Marketing Online

Kristen Stewart said...

logo design service | animated logos | brochure design

Kristen Stewart said...

Web Design | Stationary Design

Adi said...

Oes Tsetnoc one of the ways in which we can learn seo besides Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa. By participating in the Oes Tsetnoc or Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa we can improve our seo skills. To find more information about Oest Tsetnoc please visit my Oes Tsetnoc pages. And to find more information about Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa please visit my Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa pages. Thank you So much.
Oes Tsetnoc | Semangat Mengembalikan Jati Diri Bangsa

nike said...

You will never find swimsuit more excellent than in Ed Hardy!
ed hardy ugg boots
ed hardy love kills slowly boots
ed hardy love kills slowly
We provide you with the sexiest swimwear at present. Wanting to be bright on beach in this
ed hardy polo shirts
ed hardy love kills slowly shoes
ed hardy wear
Abandoning traditional concepts on sexy swimwear, Ed Hardy adds tattoo upon, which is meaning
ed hardy love kills slowly shirts
ed hardy trousers
ed hardy jackets
It seems that ed hardy mens shoes was difficult to be able to let you exist out in swimwear, the
ed hardy t shirts sale
ed hardy womens t shirts
ed hardy boots
In the trunks term, the Panerai candy-flush has mainly took the Louis Vuitton Speedy purpose
ed hardy womens clothes
ed hardy womens shirts
ed hardy clothes
swimwear in an austere tone proposal combines the exclusive tailoring, Cool down, sunshine fair,
ed hardy outerwear
ed hardy womens
ed hardy womens jeans
green MOISTURE, attractive red no other elements, together with the unique thwart-buckle create
ed hardy bags
ed hardy winter boots
ed hardy t shirts
Whether it is sexy bikini, or cross-quantity g-star trunks intended to reach new heights with this
ed hardy bags
ed hardy winter boots
ed hardy t shirts
The desired redden of this type of bag, but once again the label that ed hardy and the Christian Audigier Brand Manage Louboutin at MAGIC in August 2009.
ed hardy t shirts for men
ed hardy mens jeans
ed hardy mens shoes
The total spectrum of Audigier Brand Management lifestyle brands and crop will be including ed hardy shirts,
ed hardy mens shoes
ed hardy womens hoodies
ed hardy mens tees
food ranging from ment and woment garb, accessories, footwear. Christian Audigier, SMET, Crystal Rock

nike said...

Rubber. Rubber is widly used in the outsole of the athletic shoes.
cheap puma shoes
discount puma shoes
It has the advantages of durable, skipproof, flexible, elastic, extensive, stable and proper hardness.
nike shox torch
nike tn dollar
cheap nike shox
PU is a kind of macromolecule polyurethane materials which is offten used in the midsole
cheap nike shox shoes
nike shox r4
puma mens shoes
Sometimes, it is also used in the outsole of casual shoes.
PU is durable, strong hardness, upstanding flexbility and more important, it is environmentally
cheap nike max
discount nike shox
cheap puma ferrari shoes
The disadvantage is also outstanding. Strong hydroscopic property, break apart and EVA.
nike mens shoes
nike shox nz
discount nike running shoes
which is usually used in the midsole of the running shoes and casual shoes.
EVA is quite lightweight, elastic, flexible and suitable to a variety of climates.
discount nike shoes
nike shox shoes
cheap nike shoes
PHYLON. Phylon is the product of the EVA after the second processing. Just as the rubber
nike sports shoes
puma running shoes
puma sneakers
The midsole of running shoes, tennis shoes and basketball shoes in the world is made PHYLON.
nike air max tn
puma cat
puma shoes
The upstanding hardness, density, traction and extension make it favorite by the manufacture.
nike running shoes
wholesale nike shoes
nike shoes
Just as a coin has two sides, Phylon is nonrecoverable and easily shrink under high PHYLON.
nike shoes kids
nike women shoes

linran said...

I have read your blog for many times, and I think it very wonderful. I love some of your articles, they are meaningfull. And what do you think of polo shirts, I think they are are very chic, especially the polo t shirts, I love them very much. I also like playing tennis rackets, it can keep healthy, what do you like to do in your spare time?
cheap tennis racket
discount tennis racket
prince tennis racquet
head tennis rackets
wilson tennis racket
babolat tennis racquet
polo t shirts women
polo t shirts on sale
polo t shirts for women
polo shirts on sale
polo shirts men
men's polo shirt
men polo shirt
mens polo shirts
mens polo shirt
cheap polo shirts
discount polo shirts
men's polo shirts
women's polo shirts

jason said...

Online Tips for Education

There are a variety of online degrees that you can earn, no matter what your field of interest or experience. Some examples are: accounting, health, technology, psychology and business administration. A lot of the time when you are pursuing online degrees while employed in a related career, employers may give you tuition assistance. Look into opportunities like this at your place of employment. With additional education and an online degree you can be proud of, you may even find yourself climbing higher on the corporate ladder with a raise or promotion…………

online masters program

real_tips said...

morality n soul goes hand in hand..
http://annual-holiday-insurance.blogspot.com

http://holiday-insurance-multi-trip.blogspot.com

http://britesmile-whitening.blogspot.com


http://the-laser-eye-treatment.blogspot.com

http://laser-correction.blogspot.com

http://alcoholic-rehabilitation-info.blogspot.com


http://alcohol-abuse-rehab.blogspot.com

http://help-for-alcoholism.blogspot.com

http://private-jet-charters-web.blogspot.com


http://term-life-quotes-info.blogspot.com

http://motorcycle-injury-lawyer.blogspot.com

http://drug-lawyer-info.blogspot.com


http://eloan-loan.blogspot.com

http://home-equity-lending.blogspot.com

http://mesothelioma-support-group.blogspot.com


http://brown-leather-office-chair.blogspot.com

http://little-tikes-doll-house.blogspot.com

http://bearington-teddy-bears.blogspot.com




http://boyds-bears-ornaments.blogspot.com

http://pore-cleanser-web.blogspot.com

http://complex-acne.blogspot.com


http://acid-reflux-diet-web.blogspot.com

http://beauty-for-nails.blogspot.com

http://cellulite-brush.blogspot.com


http://cellulite-and-liposuction.blogspot.com

http://printed-golf-balls.blogspot.com

http://diaper-cloth.blogspot.com


http://remove-tattoo-fast.blogspot.com

http://skin-microdermabrasion.blogspot.com

http://babor-products.blogspot.com


http://hearing-impaired-cordless-phone.blogspot.com

http://bath-and-shower-gels.blogspot.com

http://body-oil-spray.blogspot.com

Mathias said...

viagra online

buy viagra

generic viagra

hanly said...

Blu Ray Converter
Convert Blu Ray to AVI
Convert Blu Ray to MKV
Convert Blu Ray to MOV
Convert Blu Ray to MP4

Larah said...

This 3 things must be in harmony as
writing agency sayed.

dfadf said...

Microsoft Office
Office 2010
Microsoft Office 2010
Office 2010 key
Office 2010 download
Office 2010 Professional
Microsoft outlook
Outlook 2010
Windows 7
Microsoft outlook 2010

GuestUser said...

Harga Mobil Bekas 2011 Terkini
Tempat Casting Film, Sinetron dan Iklan
Ramalan Beby Djenar Penerus Mama Lauren 2011
Video Tante Girang
Foto Pernikahan Pasha Ungu dan Delia Wilhelmina
Update Status Romantis Facebook
Tante Girang Facebook
No Handphone HP Tante Girang

Daftar Harga HP Bekas
Bug Pada Game Point Blank Online
Biro Jodoh Online Gratis
Ramalan Bintang Zodiak Terbaru
Ramalan Shio Zodiak Tionghoa
Kumpulan Contoh Naskah Pidato
Point Blank Online Indonesia
Kata-kata Bijak dan Motivasi
Koleksi Status Keren Facebook

GuestUser said...

Koleksi Kata-kata Bijak dan Motivasi
Daftar Harga HP Android
Koleksi Game Handphone Gratis
Koleksi status keren di Facebook
Muka dan Wajah Asli Justin Bieber
Topeng Justin Bieber Laris manis
Video aneh: Gerbang Neraka di Turkmenistan
Video Unik: Pianis berbakat meski tanpa tangan

Biro Jodoh Gratis Online
Point Blank Online
Klasemen Sementara Liga Inggris 2010/2011
Ramalan besar yang mengejutkan dunia
Cara membuat makalah
Koleksi status keren di Facebook
Cara Daftar Point Blank Online
Senjata Dalam Point Blank Online
Call of Duty: Black Ops Akan Sukses

GuestUser said...

Harga Mobil Bekas | Ramalan 2011 | Video Tante Girang | Foto Pernikahan Pasha dan Delia | Update Status Romantis | Tante Girang | No HP Tante Girang | Daftar Harga HP Bekas | Bug Pada Game Point Blank Online | Biro Jodoh Online | Ramalan Bintang | Ramalan Shio Zodiak Tionghoa | Point Blank Online Indonesia | Status Keren | Harga HP Android | Point Blank Online | Cara Daftar Point Blank Online | ucapan valentine 2011 | Makanan khas natal 2010 | Film terbaru 2011 | trend model gaya rambut 2011 | games.co.id | Ramalan tahun kelinci 2011 | Car review | New Car Release | Blog berita terkini | Charlotte auto insurance | TV Online Indonesia | Mivo TV | Puppy Dog Food Store | Debby Ayu Bugill | Indonesia Vs Filipina | Juara Piala AFF Suzuki Cup 2010 | Kumpulan berita baru point blank Berita terbaru adidas online store

Omni said...

This post is really a fantastic one. I like such kind of blogs. Really awesome ones. I will keep coming here in future. Visit my link as well.
special insurance

free google sms said...

I did a search on the topic and found most people will agree with your blog. treadmill - Online CPR Certification

free google sms said...

Right, so that’s the server side done. Now you need to implement decompression on the client. Unfortunately, unlike true rich client technologies such as WPF or WinForms, Silverlight and Windows Phone are somewhat crippled when it comes to dealing with data. However, with a little help you can work with the data quite easily.Mississipi Cooking Schools | Missouri Cooking Schools

LauraStarBene said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
LauraStarBene said...

Great post...I love the way you write...
Levitra Generico

Peter said...

nice share thanks a lot :)

download free pc games
affiliate review

Alex Ray said...

Great stuff from you, man. I've read your stuff before and you're just too awesome. I love what you've got here, love what you're saying and the way you say it. You make it entertaining and you still manage to keep it smart. I cant wait to read more from you. This is really a great blog.
buy darvocet n online | buy lomotil online | buy zithromax 1000mg | buy fertility drugs online

Alex Ray said...

The post is absolutely fantastic! Lots of great information and inspiration, both of which we all need! Also like to admire the time and effort you put into your blog and detailed information you offer!
buy meridia online | buy accutane online | buy amoxil online

abercrombiefitch said...

Nike Air Max 2011
Nike Air Max Shoes
Nike Air Max
Nike Air Max Wildwood Supreme
Nike Air Max Turbulence
Nike Air Max Skyline
Nike Air Max Goadome
Nike Air Max Fitsole
Nike Air Max Zenyth
Nike Air Max Boots
Nike Air Max Zoom Kobe
Nike Air Max Tn
Nike Air Max LTD
Nike Air Max Presto
Nike Air Max BW
Nike Air Max 24 7
Nike Air Max 2010
Nike Air Max 2011
Nike Air Max 2009
Nike Air Max 95
Nike Air Max 91
Nike Air Max 87
Nike Air Max 180
Nike Air Max Griffey Max 1
Nike Air Max 90
Nike Air Max 1
Abercrombie and Fitch London
Abercrombie & Fitch Clothes
Vibram Shoes
Cheap Air Max
Nike Air Max Shoes

luck said...

Is an exclusive “Y” repeat pattern, Nike Shoes Us, Nike Air Max Shoes,"Nike air max 2011,as either a debossed or Nike Air Max 1 lasered detail, Air Max Griffey 1 which takes inspiration from the Nike Air Max 180 Jordan brands iconic Nike Air Max 2009 Elephant print material.Nike Air Max 2010 This graphic treatment was developed by West and Smith to pay tribute not only to the name of the Nike Air Max 24 7 and it’s co-creator, but also to the various moments in history that spurred West’s initial inspiration for the Ni Nike Air Max 87,Nike Air Max 90,Nike Air Max 2011,Nike Air Max Shoes,Nike Air Max 91,Nike Air Max BW,Nike Air Max Plus TN,Nike Air Max LTD,
Nike Air Max Boots,Nike Air Max Presto,Nike Air Max Skyline,Nike Air Max Turbulence,Nike Air Max Fitsole,Nike Air Max Goadome,Nike Air Max Zenyth,Nike Air Max Wildwood Supreme,Nike Air Max Zoom Kobe.

Movies Gallery 2011 said...

Thanks for the post. It was very interesting and meaningful.
Facebook Clone Script| Yelp Clone Script|

kaki said...

Wow that is awesome, you are a genious!online roulettepoker siteonline blackjackfree cna training

Nora said...

Wow! What can I say?Truely a nice article and thanks for your great work. By the way,welcome to our websites. You most definitely have made this article into something special. At the same time,Welcome to look at my website ghd uk and hope we can become good friends, and exchange and to help each other! Thanks.Best Ghd Hair Straightener
What's more, you can visit Ghd Australia to browse New Hair Straighteners
You may also like Ghd Australia, Ghd Hair Straightener and Ghd Australia.
http://www.ghd-chi-australia.com

Friday said...

The christian louboutin outlet heels can help you become sexy and elegant. Cheap christian louboutin sandals are regarded since the symbolic representation of attractive and elegant.Christian Louboutin Ankle BootsIt is especially suitable for the women who wear theChristian Louboutin Collection 2011 shoes at the first time.These Christian Louboutin Heels 2011 combine top quality, reasonable price and fashional design, which is your best choice Artist who promoted his collection of luxury women's Christian Louboutin Peep Toes in earlier 90s. No 1 can disregard the existence in the style world, World-famous red-colored soles and Christian Louboutin Pumps Sale are shaped features. However, you can by no means overlook the beautiful. You do not even need to go inside environment, as well as your slim, gorgeous and graceful legs may be effortlessly discovered in people's eyes! Welcome to our louboutin mall to buy discount louboutins heels.

Friday said...

The louboutin heels is designed for the ladies. Since the pumps was born, the ladies life become colorful. The christian louboutin thong sandals are the god's masterwork. Who invited the christian louboutin classic? Seldom people knew, but I think every lady would be grateful for him. Among the countless pumps, the christian louboutin platforms is the most outstanding ones. The elegant pattern, the delicate style all mold the ladies perfect leg profile. Flowers in the spring of 2011 creeping, up from hair to clothes continue to footwear, have had a brilliant up. In such a glamor, spring and summer flowers now here. Romance is a woman's mood, exquisite flowers just right of expression in our gestures, the woman, how can we not love the romantic temperament so that they distributed the flowers do? 2011 flowers bloom will enjoy different poses!The christian louboutin wedges also can adds the hright of the ladies, it bring surprise to the short lady. Especially the red sole of the louboutin heels, magic and sexy, many ladies are crazy. The red sole, the first feature of the Christian Louboutin stroe.

xiaofen said...

Christian Louboutin Sale Outlet footwear are regarded as considering what type of mark of alluring and trendy.Religious Louboutin names right after an very-known footwear artist who launched his selection of high-finish women's footwear. Now occur to Christian Louboutin Sale Outlet store! We'll alter you inside the gorgeous girl! the following provides Christian Louboutin Ankle Boots,Christian Louboutin High Heels,Christian Louboutin New Style and so forth.The special and well-Designed footwear preferred worldwide, signed when using the Louboutin red-colored soles inside the mark, delivering huge heels and covetable add-ons, method pumps and chic luxury Louboutin clutch has getting accessible nearly all style only. We now have provide Louboutin shoes with one hundred percent free moving and preserve 60% off! Stop putting things off!Christian Louboutin Outlet Onlinee store might be the initial choice!
http://www.christianlouboutinoutletonline.org

Matt said...

great post and thanks for sharing that link. very nice.
Full PC Game Downloads

Friday said...

We are dedicated to delivering the most recent and greatest high quality Christian Louboutin Heels along with other artist at Christian louboutin outlet. stroe. With this broad variety of Christian louboutin thong sandals and Christian louboutin pumps sale we are positive that you simply will possibly be in a location to come across some attractive substantial
Christian Louboutin Peep Toes for all individuals unique occasions. Christian Louboutin Heels 2011 now gets the ladies' favorite. unique design, elegant and noble style,this Christian louboutin discount shoes will possibly be your 1st choice.

Friday said...

Christian Louboutin Store is commonly a European shoe. Artist who promoted his collection of luxury women's Christian louboutin pumps sale in earlier 90s. Christian Louboutin Tall Boots can disregard the existence in the style world, World-famous red-colored soles and Christian louboutin sale discount are shaped features. However, you can by no means overlook the beautiful Christian louboutin classic shoes. You do not even need to go inside environment, as well as your slim, gorgeous and graceful legs may be effortlessly discovered in people's eyes for Discount louboutins. Christian louboutin shoes disconut are so captivating using the distinctive style and design and stylish appearance.Louboutin Heels is on sale now, why not purchase a pair of Louboutin heels for yourself? They will assist you be additional attractive and comfortable. Louboutin mall are worthy of treasuring.

Den555 said...

A lot of interesting things found on your blogs, like the topic! The author thanks and success in the blog!
acheter viagra
car loan
Acquisto viagra
comprar viagra
Acquisto Priligy
viagra kaufen
herbal viagra
buy clomid
acheter du kamagra

Fashionable life said...

We are dedicated to delivering the most recent and greatest high quality Louboutin Heels along with other artist at Christian louboutin Store.With this broad variety of Christian louboutin Heels and the beautiful Moncler Outlet and Moncler Outlet Online at our Moncler Online Shop. now gets the ladies' favorite. New Best Hair Straightener from our finest locks Straightener on the Chi Hair Straightene anything you have to produce Babyliss Hair Straightener that great bohemian style. Ghd Australia and ghd hair.

Triosh said...

Back in college, I had a history professor who was fond of saying about the justice system that its primary purpose was "to punish the guilty and both warn and reward the innocent," or something along those lines (don't remember the exact quote, but it was that pithy).
Szkolenia zawodowe

Olivia said...

Your Escort Agency offers exclusive and most beautiful London escort girls of various nationalities.
Your Escort Agency

Stiv said...

interesting! although I have no expert, but I want have to know more and more, on your blog just interesting and useful information. Keep it up!
lesbian bondage
I was interested know about it.

Jane said...

I really liked your article. Keep up the good work.I love bondage sex

Logo Design London said...

Great blog and a post! Thank you for sharing

Logo Design | Stationery Design

Rita said...

Bestescort4U more then ten years providing best London escorts companionship in the UK.
London escorts

t said...

hello

t said...

kraków kwiaciarnia
apartamenty kraków
pozycjonowanie
kwiaciarnia kraków
los angeles seo company
new technology blog
coupons saver printable
seokatalog
rękawice robocze
ręczniki
części elektroniczne
pościel satynowa
wczasy w polsce
posadzki epoksydowe
meble kraków
lampy wiszące
lampy sufitowe
lampy do salonu
city breaks kraków
lampy sklep internetowy
logo
honda części
narkomani
narkomania
terapie
terapie
help alko
lekomania
lekarz
scotts fertilizer
blogik
drinking problem
perkins restaurant coupon
mud tires On sale
countertop
wiszace lampy
lampy design
buvar shop
lampy salonowe
lampy wiszace
lampy luxusowe
lampy dekora
lampy ladne
lampy nowe
kredyt
kredyt
kredyt
kredyt
kredyt
opieka nad grobami kraków

t said...

Kwiaciarnia
pozycjonowanie
pozycjonowanie
pozycjonowanie kraków
pozycjonowanie kraków
Pozycjonowanie Kraków
Kwiaciarnia kraków
Kwiaciarnia w Krakowie
Kwiaciarnia Kraków
Kwiaciarnia
internetowa Kraków

Kwiaciarnia
w Krakowie

Kwiaciarnia internetowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia wysyłkowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia internetowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia Kraków
Dostawa kwiatów Kraków
Kraków kwiaciarnia
Kwiaciarnia wysyłkowa Kraków
Kraków kwiaciarnia
Dostawa kwiatów Kraków
Dostawa
kwiatów Kraków

Kwiaciarnia w Krakowie
Kwiaciarnia wysyłkowa Kraków
Dostawa kwiatów Kraków
Kwiaciarnia internetowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia Kraków
Kwiaciarnia
internetowa Kraków

t said...

Kwiaciarnia internetowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia w Krakowie
Dostawa kwiatów Kraków
Kwiaciarnia wysyłkowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia internetowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia Kraków
Kwiaciarnia internetowa Kraków
Dostawa kwiatów Kraków
Kwiaciarnia wysyłkowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia wysyłkowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia w Krakowie
Kwiaciarnia Kraków
Kwiaciarnia Kraków
Kwiaciarnia wysyłkowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia wysyłkowa Kraków
Kraków kwiaciarnia
Kwiaciarnia wysyłkowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia Kraków
Kraków kwiaciarnia
Kwiaciarnia internetowa Kraków
Kraków kwiaciarnia

t said...

Kwiaciarnia Kraków
Kraków kwiaciarnia
Kwiaciarnia internetowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia internetowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia wysyłkowa Kraków
Kwiaciarnia wysyłkowa Kraków
Dostawa kwiatów Kraków
Kwiaciarnia w Krakowie
Kwiaciarnia w Krakowie
Kwiaciarnia
Kraków

Kwiaciarnia internetowa Kraków
Dostawa kwiatów Kraków
Dostawa kwiatów Kraków
Kwiaciarnia w Krakowie
Dostawa kwiatów Kraków

Escorts London said...

Hot - Collection is a honest and confidential London escort agency which provides genuine London escorts girls for gentlemen of taste.
London escorts

aston atkin said...

Thanks...Very good info, I feel a lot more people need to read this.
Logo Design Contest

laylajocasta said...

Resources like the one you mentioned here will be very useful to me! Essay Writing I will post a link to this page on my blog. Write My Essay I am sure my visitors will find that very useful.

smithhogg said...

Its really very best and useful site for all,I am using it from a long time,I really got many information from this site.
essays help | essay writing uk | essay writers

justinwilliamjohn said...

Really appreciate this wonderful post that you have provided for us. I assure this would be beneficial for most of the people.
Essay Writing - University Essays

justinebeb said...

The topic that your blog deals with demands loads of research.This kind of blog always useful for blog readers,
logo design | cheap logo design

mazan said...

excellent post.

Cheers,
what is debt consolidation

pak John said...

This is very nice.

Cheers,
best survey sites

khalil said...

pharmacy rx one
order online levitra

meriska shah said...

In all honesty – I do quite a few of these things – just a bit differently at times maybe. I engage a heck of a lot – but they’re not always new people – although they are at times. I do a lot of thanking (at least more than 10 a day) – especially for RT’s and comments – whether to new folks or to ones I already know. Buy stromectol Doesn’t matter – a thank you to anyone that’s done something nice for you is well worth it. But then again – you already know how I feel about that right ?

Buy Stromectol said...

Well, the post is actually the sweetest on this deserving topic. I agree with your conclusions and will eagerly look forward to your incoming updates. Just saying thanks will not just be adequate, for the wonderful clarity in your writing. I will at once grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates. First-rate work and much success in your business endeavors! Buy Flagyl

Robert Jack said...

love to read this blog.I appreciate your work.

prerna said...

I really like your article.Keep posting ..

mischy said...

Glass Etching Stencils



This is such an awakening post. You are a way for people to be reminded. Thanks so much.

mischy said...

Audience Response Systems


Hi. Retribution, Morality and the souls have such great impact in our society and must be dealt with accordingly.

Danish Lakhani said...

Really a informative blog . Helps alot.
Lutte Veste de club

jonalyndislag said...

Glass Etching Creams

Thanks for your insight, you seem to be to understand this niche very well.

jonalyndislag said...

Glass Etching Creams

Excellent stuff from you, man. I’ve read your things before and you are just too awesome. I adore what you have got right here. You make it entertaining and you still manage to keep it smart. This is truly a great blog thanks for sharing…

jonalyndislag said...


Ecommerce Australia
Great post, do you mind if I re-blog this (with full attribution and linking)? I really want to share it with my readers, they would find it very useful.

jonalyndislag said...

Audience Response System

Howdy, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam comments? If so how do you prevent it, any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it's driving me mad so any assistance is very much appreciated.

jonalyndislag said...

audience response system

Is there any information about this subject in other languages?

Sophia White said...

Where a new invention promises to be useful, it ought to be tried.
business voip systems

jonalyndislag said...

So happy to be here in your site. An i love reading your articles. Very informative.
Cochrane Ranchehouse